The overall focus of the project is to support a long-term joined vision and cooperation on the shared groundwater resources of the upper Limpopo region where South Africa and Botswana potentially share significant and valuable freshwater underground resources as well as space for enhanced water storage. The project facilitates joint management and better groundwater governance focused on coordination, scientific knowledge, social redress and social sustainability, in order to reduce poverty and inequalities and increase prosperity, livelihoods and food security in the face of climate variability.


Project Objectives:

  •  Increase the recognition and vulnerability of the transboundary Ramotswa aquifer
  •  Improve the understanding of the socioeconomic importance of the aquifer area and the inequalities in


    water security across the population
  •  Improve the knowledge of the extent of the transboundary resources and the hydrogeology under present and future climate and population projections
  •  Assess the feasibility and best options for managed aquifer recharge for securing the water buffer and controlling the water quality, using wastewater, floodwater and storm water
  •  Establish national and cross-border dialogue and cooperation on the Ramotswa and further encourage international cooperation on transboundary aquifers in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region
  •  Develop tools for shared and harmonized management and monitoring of the groundwater resources
  •  Develop human and institutional capacity for shared and harmonized management and monitoring of the groundwater resources


Key Project Outputs
  •  A stakeholder platform for the planning, negotiation and joint management of the Ramotswa Aquifer
  •  A transboundary diagnostic analysis (TDA), comprising a baseline gender-focused socio-economic, and institutional assessment, supporting ongoing RESILIM TDA work
  •  A joint strategic action plan (SAP) for the development and management of the aquifer, including policy briefs, draft national implementation plans for MAR, aquifer monitoring and water quality improvement, and ag-water solutions
  •  A joint information management system of physical as well as socio-economic data and maps, integrated into a GIS platform, compatible with the IGRAC Global Groundwater Monitoring Network portal (GGMN) as well as relevant national data bases
  •  Training material on transboundary diagnostic, database development, geophysics, modelling and transboundary aquifer management
  •  An international conference on the outcomes and out-scalable lessons on practices of transboundary aquifer management


Project Location

The project area is located in the Upper Limpopo River basin, close to the greater Gabarone con-urban area. The environment is semi-arid with seasonal and irregular rainfall, from 400 to 600 mm per year.